The DigiLocker is an initiative under Digital India, the government’s program aimed at making India a digitally empowered and knowledge economy. DigilLocker enables all citizens in the country to store important documents. With the government’s zeal to popularize digitization of various government services with appropriate measures under e-governance, DigiLocker is getting more popular. It is, therefore, worthwhile to learn the important terminologies related to DigiLocker so that you can use it more effectively.
Electronic document or e-document
This is a digitally signed electronic document in XML format and is issued to one or more individuals (having Aadhaar identity) in formats according to Digital Locker Technology Specification (DLTS). A few examples include class 10 pass certificate (with date of birth) issued by a state secondary education board or the central board of secondary education, caste certificate issued by a state government, marriage certificate issued by a state government, etc.
Digital Repository is a software application according to DLTS specification, and hosts a set (database) of e-documents and exposes a standard APi for secure real time.
Significantly, the architecture of DigiLocker does not limit the number of repository providers; there should be a few good quality (easily available and resilient) ones to be set up, with others using them, as opposed to too many repositories.
Digital Locker is the storage space allocated to each user to store authenticated documents. Citizens having signed up with DigiLocker can access Digital Locker through the web portal or the mobile app.
The issuer could be an organization, an entity or a government department that issues e-documents to individuals under a valid DLTS format, and makes the e-documents available with repositories according to the user’s choice.
A Requester could be an organization, a government department or an entity that requests for secure and authorized access to a specific e-document stored with a depository. Some examples of Requester are a university seeking access to 10th standard certificate for admissions, passport issuing department seeking access to domicile certificate, a government department seeking access to ration card, and the like.
Access Gateway is a specific software application as per the standards of DLTS. It provides requesters an online gateway to access e-documents seamlessly from different repositories when required.
It is worth noting that the gateway services may be offered by repository providers themselves. A few gateway systems that are technically well functional and easily available should be set up. Requesters can sign up any one of the gateways to access documents in the repositories.
A Document URI is a unique URI or Uniform Resource Identifier, which is mandatory for every document. A URI is a set of characters used to identify a resource. The identification allows interaction with the resource through a network, the Internet or using specific protocols. The URI of a specific document can be expanded into full URL.
The URI is independent of location, repository, or the issuer. The document URI itself is not a secret. And access to the actual document is secure and authenticated.